Swami vivekananda jayanti:-
In this article you will come to know about the life journey of swami vivekananda, an important figurehead of India’s growing self-confidence and later nationalist leaders . Vivekananda created an vivekanandaemerging sense of national pride, what made us to recognise him and remember their contributions through celebrating his jayanti on 12th of January. So let’s see works of swami Vivekananda and about his family.
About swami vivekananda:-
Vivekananda was a Hindu monk and was born Narendranath Dutta on 12 January 1863 in Calcutta, Bengal . He is a disciple of Sri Ramakrishna. Swami Vivekananda was born into an aristocratic family in Kolkata, India.
Vishwanath Dutta was his father who died in 1884 leaving the family bankrupt and his mother was Bhuvneshwari Devi.
He received a Western education at the Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s Metropolitan Institution.
What he did?
Vivekananda played a key role in the introduction of Indian yoga and Vedanta philosophy in the West.
He made a strong impression at the inaugural World Parliament of Religions in Chicago, 1893 – giving a powerful speech on the underlying unity of world religions. He taught a philosophy of traditional meditation and also selfless service (karma yoga).
He went on to describe the principles of Vedanta and their spiritual significance, putting Hinduism on the map of World Religions.
He advocated emancipation for Indian women and an end to the worst excess of the caste system.
Swami Vivekananda’s role in Education:-
According to swami Vivekananda – ” The training by which the current and expression of will are brought under control and become fruitful is called education.”
Vivekananda points out that their is a lack of definite goal to pursue in present-day education.
A sculptor has a clear idea about what he wants to shape out of the marble block; similarly, a painter knows what he is going to paint. But a teacher, has no clear idea about the goal of his teaching.
Learning styles of swami Vivekananda:-
The Socratic method of ancient Greece and the Gurukula system of the ancient Vedic traditions of India.
He prepares the scheme of this man-making education in the light of his over-all philosophy of Vedanta.
The aim of education according to swami Vivekananda is to manifest in our lives the perfection, which is the very nature of our inner self. This perfection is the realization of the infinite power which resides in everything and every-where-existence and consciousness.
5 TEACHINGS OF VIVEKANANDA:-
1. It’s all in the mind
“Whatever you think, that you will be. If you think yourselves weak, weak you will be; if you think yourselves strong, strong you will be.”
2. Follow the three Ps
“Purity, patience, and perseverance are the three essentials to success, and above all, love.”
3. What Vedanta calls religion
“This is the gist of all worship — to be pure and to do good to others.”
4. End hunger and ignorance
“So long as millions live in hunger and ignorance, I hold every man a traitor who, having been educated at their expense, pays not the least heed to them.”
5. Every man’s true religion
“No man is born to any religion; he has a religion in his own soul.”
Swami Vivekananda’s Rock Memorial:-
The Vivekananda Rock Memorial is located at Kanyakumari where the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal merge with the great Indian Ocean and was built in 1970 in the honor of swami Vivekananda . Let’s have a look at its history that why it is an important place of attraction for the religious campaigners and also the facts such as opening timing and entry fee, etc.
Vivekananda Memorial, is located on the two rocks projecting from the sea, at 400 meters from the land in Kanyakumari.
The great Indian Philosopher came to this place in the year 1892 and spent his time in meditating. The meditation in mid-sea enlightened him and he transformed into a great philosopher of the era and made him earn global fame.
The Vivekananda Rock Memorial was the unique blend of architectural style of India which is conspicuous in the Memorial erected in the rock.
The architectural used is the Mix of conventional and modern architectural styles of India.
Visit Timing: Daily, 7.00 am to 5.00 pm
How to Reach: Kanyakumari is connected by bus with major south Indian cities and by rail with several Indian cities while the nearest airport is at Trivandrum (67 Km). One can avail ferry service from Kanyakumari to reach Vivekananda Rock.
Establishment of ‘Vivekananda Rock Memorial:-
Swami Vivekananda visited Kanyakumari on December 24, 1892, prior to his Chicago trip to take part in the 1893 ‘World Religious Conference’. It is said that he meditated on the rock for two days and attained enlightenment. He was one of the eminent disciples of Ramakrishna, an Indian mystic and yogi of the 19th century, and later played an instrumental role in introducing Indian philosophies of Yoga and Vedanta to the Western countries.
In January 1962, marking the birth centenary of Swamiji, the ‘Kanyakumari Committee’ was set up by a group of people who aimed at establishing a memorial of Swamiji on the rock as also a bridge for people to visit the rock.
The ‘Ramakrishna Mission’ in Madras also conceived of such a memorial during that time. However the concept met with certain hurdles with the local Catholic fishermen displaying aversion and putting up a big Cross on the rock and on the other hand the Hindus were protesting such move of the Catholic populace.
As matters became worse, the rock was marked as a prohibited place and armed guards were stationed to patrol it.
The Memorial at a Glance:-
A mix of conventional and modern architectural styles of India, particularly a blend of Tamil Nadu and West Bengal style of architecture is palpable from the design of the memorial.
While the Memorial Mandapam resembles Sri Ramakrishna Temple at Belur, West Bengal, the design of its entrance features architectural styles of Ajanta and Ellora. It houses a life size bronze statue of Swami Vivekananda standing in his famous ‘Parivarjak’ posture that was made by famed sculptor Sitaram S. Arte. Vivekananda Rock is also called ‘Sripada Parai’ as it is believed that Goddess Devi Kumari blessed the place with the touch of her holy feet. In reality the rock has a projection that is brownish in colour and looks like a human footprint. This projection is considered and referred as Sri Padam and a shrine called ‘Sri Padaparai Mandapam’ was constructed at the spot.
One of the two principal structures of the memorial is the main sanctum sanctorum, the ‘Shripada Mandapam’, which is enclosed within an outer platform. This hall, square in shape also includes a ‘Garbha Graham’, an ‘Inner Prakaram’ and an ‘Outer Prakaram’. The other main structure is the ‘Vivekananda Mandapam’ built in honour of Swamiji.
The sections included in this structure are the ‘Dhyana Mandapam’, ‘Mukha Mandapam’, Namashtubhyam to the Son of jagadamba and ‘Sabha Mandapam’. Design of the ‘Dhyana Mandapam’ or meditation hall displays integration of various styles of temple architecture of India. The mandapamhas 6 adjacent rooms that allows visitors to sit, relax and meditate in a calm and peaceful atmosphere . The ‘Sabha Mandapam’ is the Assembly hall that consists of a statue section called ‘Pralima Mandapam’, a corridor and an outer courtyard encompassing the hall. The statue of Swamiji is positioned in such a way that his vision directly falls on the Shripadam.
Establishment of ‘Vivekananda Kendra’:-
On January 7, 1972, Ranade founded the spiritual organisation called ‘Vivekananda Kendra’ beside the memorial. The organisation based on the principles preached by Swami Vivekananda has spread its wings in more than 18 states of India that include 600 branch centres and more than 200 full-time dedicated workers. Activities of the organisation include conducting rural development activities, Yoga classes and seminars.
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A Visit to the ‘Vivekananda Rock Memorial’:-
This sacred memorial symbolising purity and unity preached by Swami Vivekananda has over years emerged as one of the most revered memorials of India and one of the must visit destinations of Kanyakumari. The rock also offers a striking view of the confluence of the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. It can be visited on any day throughout the year from 7.00 am to 5.00 pm. Charges for entry fee is Rs. 10/-, still camera is Rs. 10/- and video camera is Rs. 50/-.
Vivekananda’s Teaching on meditation:-
Meditation played a very important role in the life and teachings of Vivekananda. He was interested in meditation from his childhood. His master Ramakrishna found him a dhyana-siddha. In December 1892, Vivekananda went to Kanyakumari and meditated for three days on a large rock and took the resolution to dedicate his life to serve humanity. He reportedly also meditated for a long time on the day of his death (4 July 1902).
Methods of meditation
Meditation is the power which enables us to resist our slavery to nature. Nature may call us, Look there is a beautiful thing. I do not look. Now she says, there is beautiful smell. I say to my nose -Do not smell it. Eyes do not see, nature does such an awful thing . In meditation for a moment we can change this nature…..
Gate to bliss
Meditation is the gate to bliss, slowly we have to train ourselves, it is not a joke, it may take a day, years or births, Never mind, let the practice continue.
Mind shall wander
There are various methods of meditation. But general principle, get hold of mind. Mind is like a lake, every stone that drops into it raises waves. Let it be calm, keep quiet, then we know what we are. God is there already, but mind if agitated will not allow to keep quiet. These waves are to be stopped by power of meditation mind shall wander like a monkey, but we have to train mind. Of course it is not an easy task.
The best time for meditation is early morning. we should take advantage of natural condition and begin the practice. Now start praying ” mentally repeat – LET ALL BEINGS BE HAPPY, LET ALL BEINGS BE PEACEFUL, LET ALL BEINGS BE BLISSFUL.
Many thoughts will come, let it come. but by constant practice, thoughts shall reduce, then we start feeling calmer. Imagine lotus on your head, 8 petals and 8 powers of yogi. Inside the lotus think of the Golden one, the Almighty. He whose name is OM, meditate on that.
practice hard without fail. If you are brave enough, you will learn within six months. To succeed you must have tremendous perseverance, tremendous will. Be cheerful, to the Yogi everything is bliss.
We should try to have patience like God sage called Narada . Think I am the spirit and not body. Gradually we can transform ourselves through meditation. Meditation means the mind is turned back upon itself. Every time you meditate your consciousness expands. we can achieve all powers of mind through meditation.
Meditation which gives an insight to depth
Meditation, which gives an insight to the depth and breadth of the mystical traditions of India, was developed by Ancient Hindu Seers. He propagated it to the world through his lectures and practical lessons. He stressed the need to concentrate on the mind which is a lamp that gives insight to every part of our soul.
Vivekananda defined meditation as a process of self appraisal:-
Vivekananda defined meditation, first as a process of self-appraisal of all thoughts to the mind. He then defined the next step as to “assert what we really are — existence, knowledge and bliss — being, knowing, and loving,” which would result in “unification of the subject and object.”
Meditation according to Yoga:-
Vivekananda’s meditation is practiced under the two themes – first one is “Meditation according to Yoga” which is considered a practical and mystical approach, and another is of “Meditation according to Vedanta” which means a philosophical and transcendental approach. Both themes have the same end objective of realizing illumination through realization of the “Supreme”
Introducer of meditation to the Western countries:-
Vivekananda is considered as the introducer of meditation to the Western countries. In his book Raja Yoga and lectures, he widely discussed meditation, its purpose and procedure. He described “meditation” as a bridge that connects human soul to the God. He defined “meditation” as a state “when the mind has been trained to remain fixed on a certain internal or external location, there comes to it the power of flowing in an unbroken current, as it were, towards that point.”
Top 10 Quotes by swami Vivekananda:–
1.Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life; dream of it; think of it; live on that idea. Let the brain, the body, muscles, nerves, every part of your body be full of that idea. This is the way to success, and this is the way great spiritual giants are produced.
2.You have to grow from the inside out. None can teach you, none can make you spiritual. There is no other teacher but your own soul.
3. In a conflict between the heart and the brain, follow your heart.
4.In a day, when you don’t come across any problems – you can be sure that you are travelling in a wrong path
5.The great secret of true success, of true happiness, is this: the man or woman who asks for no return, the perfectly unselfish person, is the most successful.
6. All power is within you; you can do anything and everything, without even the guidance of any one. . Believe in that, do not believe that you are weak; do not believe that you are half-crazy lunatics, as most of us do nowadays. Stand up and express the divinity within you.
7.We are what our thoughts have made us; so take care about what you think. Words are secondary. Thoughts live; they travel far.
8.Anything that makes weak – physically , intellectually and spiritually, reject it as poison.
9.Dare to be free, dare to go as far as your thought leads, and dare to carry that out in your life.
10.Be not Afraid of anything. You will do Marvelous work. It is Fearlessness that brings Heaven even in a moment.